In Kampala, increasing urbanisation is threatening clean water provision, not least because the water system risks contamination by larger waste streams (van Vliet et al. 2013), which in turn puts pressure on an already-constrained energy supply. Access to food continues to be insecure for many, as revealed by the 2011 food riots. Kampala is also a site of innovative governance. The Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA) is stimulating bottom-up sustainability initiatives, for instance through street festivals.